There are a number of maqams in Jordan and I only managed to cover some in the north.
Didn’t know what to expect except history lessons. This is definitely no ordinary people I’m visiting, they are people beloved by Allah. So, definitely a lot to be learnt from their life story.
I was picked up at my hostel in the morning and we immediately went to the first maqam.
Very sunny! Locations vary so no specific temperature on this trip.
Not many people around, so no interaction.
I wasn’t craving for Singaporean or Malay food but my tour guide assumed I was and brought me to a Malaysian restaurant in Irbid for dinner. TBH, food was amazing.
I met young Singaporeans who were studying in Jordan and got to chat with them over dinner. They were really missing Singaporean food, especially seafood and Maggi curry. Poor girls!
Found out their great passion in teaching. May Allah make it easy for them and hopefully they will become great muslims directing future children towards greater good in their deen, dunya and akhirah. In sya Allah!
1. People of the Quran
Cave of the Seven Sleepers
In surah Al Kahf verses 7 to 26, Allah described a group of youths who slept for 300 solar or 309 lunar years to protect their iman (faith) from an evil king who would persecute those that didn’t worship false idols. Allah protected them and woke them up when the city was ruled by a righteous king decades later.
Apart from the Quran, there were other and earlier accounts of the same incident, the earliest came from a Syrian bishop, Jacob of Sarug (450 – 521), derived from an even earlier, lost Greek source.
Debate on exact location
Location of the actual cave has been very much debated (just like any other maqams). Other locations include Ephesus in Turkey, Tuyukhojam in Turpan and Azzefoun in Algeria, amongst others.
Tomb of Prophet Yusha’
Bani Israel was led by Prophet Yusha’ A.S after the death of Prophet Musa A.S, where they claimed victory conquering Jerusalem. Bani Israel was also taught the Torah by Prophet Yusha’ in Jerusalem after the win.
Mentioned in Quran
Prophet Yusha’ is not mentioned by name in the Quran but references made to him in two places.
The battle (to enter Jerusalem) began on a Friday around Asr, the sun was almost setting and Bani Israel did not work on Saturdays (observance of Sabbath), so naturally, Prophet Yusha’ feared losing the battle.
By Allah’s mercy, the sun stopped from setting until Allah granted Prophet Yusha’ victory in conquering Jerusalem.
Prior to this event, Bani Israel was wandering in the desert for 40 years as a punishment from Allah due to constant disobedience, one of which was their refusal to claim Jerusalem, under the commandment of Prophet Musa A.S.
The caretaker of the tomb told us that the reason why the tomb is so long is because the exact location of the prophet’s A.S grave was debated, so they covered the whole length that was said to be his burial site.
Tomb of Prophet Syu’aib
Prophet Shu’aib A.S was appointed by Allah to be a prophet to the people who lived east of Mount Sinai – the Madyan community, aka People of the Tree as they worshipped a large tree.
Mentioned in Quran
Prophet Syu’aib is mentioned in the Quran 11 times.
The people of Madyan were said to be notorious for cheating others through dishonesty and for idolatry. Prophet Shu’aib A.S warned that their ignorance would lead to their destruction, giving historical examples of earlier prophets, including Noah, Hud, Saleh and Lot A.S, all of whose people had been destroyed by Allah.
When they refused to believe, they were destroyed by a mighty earthquake. Prophet Shu’aib and his believing companions were rescued from the punishment.
3. Sahaba (Companions of Prophet Muhammad SAW)
Tomb of Abu Ubaidah
This tomb was enclosed because many people idolised Abu Ubaidah RA as a saint and did horrible khurafat practices during their visits.
- AKA Amin al-Ummah (Custodian of Ummah)
- Born in Makkah, year 583.
- Merchant by profession.
- Accepted Islam a day after Sayyidina Abu Bakr RA, year 611.
- Belonged to the Quraisy tribe of Banu al-Harith ibn Fihr.
- Migrated to Ethiopia during the worst muslim oppression in Makkah and later in year 622, to Madinah following the footsteps of the Prophet SAW.
Right from the Battle of Badr, the first major battle between muslims and the Meccan Quraisy, till his death under Sayyidina Umar’s caliphate in Jabiya in year 639, subdued by a plague, Abu Ubaidah’s contributions were plenty.
From fighting in wars to donating food to famine victims to being appointed as governor of Syria, he was one of the companions of Prophet Muhammad SAW who were guaranteed paradise.
A highly respected warrior and appointed state official, he lived a life of modesty, having no possessions except a bed, a sword and a shield in his home.
Tomb of Amr bin Abi Waqqas
- embraced Islam at a young age
- migrated to al-Madinah al-Munawwarah while still a young boy
- killed at Battle of Khandaq
Tomb of Muadz bin Jabal
Abdul Rahman’s tomb, Muadz’s son, was also situated here. Both father and son RA were subdued by the same plague as Abu Ubaidah RA.
Location of their tombs was also the location of the Hittin War during Salahudin Al Ayyubi’s era, with the Crusaders.
- AKA “the one who will lead the scholars into Paradise”.
- Born in Madinah, year 605.
- Accepted Islam during his teens, before the Second pledge of Al Aqaba, under Mus’ab bin Umair, a da’i sent by the Prophet SAW to Madinah before his SAW own migration.
- Belonged to the Ansari Al Khazraj tribe of Madinah.
Just like other companions, he participated in wars such as Battle of Uhud and Khandaq.
Ever since he met Prophet SAW in Madina, he had been studying diligently and followed the Prophet SAW everywhere. Known as the best student of the Prophet SAW, he was a great teacher of the Quran and Islamic laws.
Prophet SAW once said, “The most knowledgeable of my ummah in matters of halal and haram is Muadh ibn Jabal” (Tarmizi and Ibnu Majah)
He was sent to teach the Quran:
- to the Meccans after the liberation of Makkah
- to the Yemenis after Yemeni kings and people of Yemen accepted Islam
- to Syria after the conquest of Syria under Sayyidina Umar’s caliphate
Later, he was sent to Palestine.
He was also one of the group of six who collated the Quran during the lifetime of the Prophet SAW.
He died at a young age (around 34 – 38 years old) in year 639 due to the plague, together with his wife and son Abdul Rahman.
Tomb of Syurahbil bin Hasanah
- Born in year 583
- one of the strongest commander under the Abu Bakr and Umar’s caliphates
- died in 639 due to the plague
Tomb of Dhirrar bin Al Azwar
- Known As: Dhiraar bin al-Azwar
- Nickname: The Naked Warrior or The Naked Champion for his tendency to plunge into a battle without armor or upper garments
- Status: sahaba (companion) of Prophet Muhammad SAW
- Born: Unknown
- Death: Around year 640 (18 Hijrah)
Loved this trip so very much!
I basically did a DIY Jejak Rasul (Footsteps of the Messenger) tour, which is a popular tour provided by one of the tour agents in Singapore.
Knowing the lives of great people is really humbling. Makes me think of where I stand in Allah’s eyes, which also scares me because I have nothing.
There was this very familiar fragrance at the maqams. I don’t remember smelling it at the Cave of the Seven Sleepers though, not too sure because it was my first maqam visit for the day and I was over-excited.
Unlike perfume, it seemed to be emanating from nowhere in particular, like as if it was distributed evenly in the room. And I LOVED it!
I told my tour guide about the strong smell at Prophet Yusha’s tomb (second stop after the Cave of the Seven Sleepers) and the caretaker said that there is a natural smell but they added perfume as well.
After a few more maqams, I told my tour guide that the smell are all the same. And all he said was, “Oh, you noticed”. LOL! How can I not? It was really strong, especially at maqams like Muadz bin Jabal’s. Some others may not be as overpowering, maybe like Abu Ubaidah’s because it was enlosed and we were separated by glass.
Also, the temperature was always cooler inside the maqams than outside, so I really liked it.
10/5 stars definitely.
I would love to visit more maqams in future in sya allah!
Ask lots of questions to the caretaker. But they only speak in Arabic.
- Food: Free – paid by my tour guide
- Tour: $150